Controller Based WLANs

What is the difference between IGMP snooping and IGMP proxy?

by on ‎07-04-2014 02:23 PM

Product and Software: This article applies to all Aruba controllers running ArubaOS 3.4 or later.

IGMP Snooping and IGMP Proxy

These two features can achieve the same goal: reduce traffic replication and save air time. The controller maintains a mapping table and forwards multicast traffic only to the hosts that have joined the specific multicast group.

  • IGMP snooping: The controller snoops IGMP messages coming off wireless client on a per VLAN basis. The controller uses this information to create a multicast forwarding table that defines mapping of a particular multicast group and outgoing port(s) and interface(s). However, it lacks the support for user roaming when IP mobility is on. If a user roams to a new VLAN with an old IP address, the upper layer does not to send out a new IGMP join and services are disrupted.
  • IGMP proxy: The controller joins multicast group(s) on behalf of mobile clients. This action reduces the number of IGMP messages and also addresss the mobility issues, because the controller is aware of the client roaming and the new VLAN.

In both cases, user VLANs need to be trunked to the uplink router. This connection is to ensure that the router can receive and process the IGMP messages.

Only IGMP v1 and v2 are supported.

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