Wireless Access

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Access network design for branch, remote, outdoor and campus locations with Aruba access points, and mobility controllers.
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RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

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  • 1.  RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

    Posted Dec 30, 2013 01:09 PM

    Hi all

     

    Here are some best practices for RF optimization in the controller based solution that I have found to work quite well on quite a few occasions. You can find much more info and a much greater level of detail in the VRDs, but this can be good starting point for most deployments.

     

    First of all, optimize the amount of traffic in the air:

    • Drop broadcast and multicast (watch out, if on a sw version prior to 6.3, you'll need to enable broadcast-filter arp in the stateful firewall)
    • Disable the lower speed rates. Depending on the AP density, I like to start on 12-18 Mbps
    • Use as few SSIDs as possible. Generally, one WPA2 Enterprise SSID and one Open SSID are more than enough.
    • Enable Dynamic Multicast Optimization (and raise the threshold to, at least 20). Even if you're not aware, there's usually MCAST traffic around.
    • Enable Broadcast-Multicast optimization in the L3 interfaces as well.
    • Use small vlans + VLAN pooling. I like using /24 vlans and then group them into named pools.
    • Enable EAPOL optimization.
    • Enable Airgroup. This will convert mDNS traffic into unicast, decreasing the amount of traffic in the air and saving some precious battery on your mobile devices.

    After that, make sure you make the most of that airtime you're giving your users:

    • Enable Airtime Fairness
    • Enable Band steering (not needed if you're using Client Match [requires version 6.3]). There is way more spectrum available in 5GHz, lets use it!
    • Enable Client Match. This is a no brainer, just do it.
    • Enable WMM
    • For those applications that don't handle WMM so well, configure your roles so that corporate multimedia traffic is prioritized.
    • If you want to make sure your corporate traffic always has priority over guest traffic, you can reserve some airtime in the QoS section of your AP Group

     

    With that kind of tuning, your wireless network should already be doing quite well, but there are a couple of things you might want to do if you need additional fine tuning:

     

    • Make sure your APs don't use too much or too little power compared to client devices. Min power set to 12dBm and max to 18dBm usually works quite well. But don't take this as one-size-fits-all some scenarios need full 20 dBm in the APs and some can do with a bit less. You can fine tune that using the "show arm rf-summary" command and seeing how the APs are seeing each other.
    • On very dense deployments, you might want to turn off (convert to AM or SM) some radios, specially in the 2,4GHz band. This will help reduce co-channel interference.
    • Advertise 802.11d/h.
    • Disable 802.11k. Some Windows clients don't take it too well.
    • If you have some overlap between your Aruba WLAN and another WLAN present on-site. fdb-update on assoc (in your virtual aps) will definitely improve roaming between both networks.

     

    Happy New Year!

     

     

     



  • 2.  RE: RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

    Posted Dec 30, 2013 01:41 PM

    Thanks for summerizing it Samuel!

    Nice topic!

     

    Cheers

    Carlos



  • 3.  RE: RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

    Posted Jan 20, 2014 09:41 AM

    Hi Samuel,

     

    Thanks for summarizing it, great work and guidelines :)

     

    I am curious to why you do not enable Airtime Fairness and Band Steering in 6.3 ? Do they conflict with Client Match or..?

     

    Regards

    Kevin



  • 4.  RE: RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

    Posted Jan 20, 2014 01:07 PM

    If client-match is enabled in 6.3, then no need to enable Bandsteering, as client match will handle bandsteering the clients to 5 Ghz.



  • 5.  RE: RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]
    Best Answer

    Posted Jan 25, 2014 02:14 PM
      |   view attached

    Hi All

     

    Attached you can find a document (in Spanish) that goes into a bit more detail.

     

    Regards

    Attachment(s)

    docx
    OptimizaciónRF.docx   4.52MB 1 version


  • 6.  RE: RF optimization for Aruba Controllers [ENG / ES]

    Posted Jan 25, 2014 08:46 PM

    Thank you very much for the document! i just read it

    Pretty good !

     

    Cheers

    Carlos