Not able to ping the VRRP IP of MM from a wireless/wired client connected to MD

MVP Expert
MVP Expert
Problem:

Use Case:

------------

Customer has monitoring tool which pings all the network IP address to verify the device is up.

 

Issue

-------

Unable to ping the VRRP IP of MM from the client connected to MD

Description

---------------

  • Client when tries to ping VRRP-IP of MM, the traffic goes via IPSEC to MM instead of default gateway of client
  • if the client tries to ping physical IP of MM then the traffic goes via default gateway of the client


Diagnostics:

Topology

------------

  • Topology: MM Active, MM Standby, MD
  • 2 MM and MD are on VLAN 156
  • Client is on VLAN 137 with default gateway on the MD’s uplink switch
  • Masterip on MD is set to VRRP-IP of MM
  • Client IP: 10.30.137.247
  • MM Active IP: 10.30.156.221
  • MM VRRP-IP: 10.30.156.232

 

Datapath of MM when pining controller-ip of MM >>>>>>>> we can see the packet reaches the MM through uplink port 0/0/0

==========================================

Source IP       Destination IP  Prot SPort DPort Cntr     Prio ToS Age Destination TAge Packets    Bytes      Flags

--------------- --------------- ---- ----- ----- -------- ---- --- --- ----------- ---- ---------  --------- ---------------

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7914  2048   1/4108  0    0   0   0/0/0       0    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7913  2048   1/4108  0    0   0   0/0/0       1    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7912  2048   1/4108  0    0   0   0/0/0       3    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7911  2048   1/4108  0    0   1   0/0/0       4    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7910  2048   1/4108  0    0   1   0/0/0       5    1          60         FCI

 

Datapath of MD when pinging Controller-IP of MM

===========================================

(MD-125) #show datapath session table 10.30.137.247 | include 10.30.156.221

10.30.156.221   10.30.137.247   1    7874  0      0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   c    1          60         FI >>>>>>>>>>> tunnel 14 is GRE tunnel from AP on which client connected

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7878  2048   0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   8    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7871  2048   0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   f    1          60         FCI

10.30.156.221   10.30.137.247   1    7870  0      0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   10   1          60         FI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7875  2048   0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   b    1          60         FCI

10.30.156.221   10.30.137.247   1    7879  0      0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   7    1          60         FI

10.30.156.221   10.30.137.247   1    7885  0      0/0     0    0   0   tunnel 14   0    1          60         FI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7881  2048   0/0     0    0   0   tunnel 14   5    1          60         FCI

 

Datapath of MM when pinging VRRP IP of MM (we can see the traffic is coming through the IPSCEC tunnel)

=======================================

(DEE-MM-221) *[mm] #  show datapath session table 10.30.137.247

Source IP       Destination IP  Prot SPort DPort Cntr     Prio ToS Age Destination TAge Packets    Bytes      Flags

--------------- --------------- ---- ----- ----- -------- ---- --- --- ----------- ---- ---------  --------- ---------------

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7092  2048   1/4108  0    0   0   tunnel 13   0    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7091  2048   1/4108  0    0   0   tunnel 13   1    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7090  2048   1/4108  0    0   1   tunnel 13   2    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7089  2048   1/4108  0    0   1   tunnel 13   3    1          60         FCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.221   1    7088  2048   1/4108  0    0   1   tunnel 13   4    1          60         FCI

 

 

(DEE-MM-221) *[mm] #show datapath tunnel table | include 13

13     SPI8AB68C00 in  10.30.156.221   50   IPSE  1500  0    routeDest 009C     0                             2138          0            T                 0           0

Datapath of MD when pinging VRRP IP of MM

======================================

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.232   1    7272  2048   0/0     0    0   1   tunnel 14   10   1          60         FNCI >>> we can see the packet is getting Dest-Natd

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.232   1    7287  2048   0/0     0    0   0   tunnel 14   1    1          60         FNCI

10.30.137.247   10.30.156.232   1    7282  2048   0/0     0    0   0   tunnel 14   6    1          60         FNCI

Root Cause

--------------

 

  • it is an inbuilt behavior of the controller to hijack all the traffic destined to the  Master-local IPSEC tunnel IP (here vrrp ip of MM) using predefined ACLs
  • hence when we ping the VRRP IP from the client on MD, the controller hijack the traffic and pass it through the tunnel
  • when the MM response to the ICMP, since the client is in a different VLAN, the MM will send the packet to it’s default gatway
  • since MM’s default gateway is not aware of the client VLAN the ICMP response get  dropped on the network.

 

 

This behavior is same in Master-local setup (6.X code)

 

 



Solution

Solution 1

--------------

Make sure the MM default gateway has the route to the client network

Stateful processing of ICMP should be disabled on firewalls since it will drop the ICMP packet due to asymmetric routing.

 

Solution 2

-------------

 

Add a static route on the Master controller to the client network with next hop as the master-local ipsec MAP

 

On MM/Master

#config t

#ip route <client network>  <subnet mask> default-local-master-ipsecmap10.30.156.188  >>>>>>>>> this is the default IPSEC mac to the MD

 

Note: solution 2 will work only on the 6.X code and in 8.X with clustering it is not possible.

Version history
Revision #:
2 of 2
Last update:
‎01-31-2019 09:15 AM
Updated by:
 
Labels (1)
Contributors